Common construction loan risks: The house or project is not completed within the timeframe of the interim construction period. Higher cost contracts increase the risk of default. The project budget or documentation is missing or incomplete. The global construction industry is going through a period of considerable uncertainty, largely as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and its by-products and, more recently, of the impacts of the war in Ukraine.
Lending money for construction projects involves a significant level of risk. In addition to the risk inherent in the construction process, some examples include those involving the location of the property, changes in regulations, market fluctuations, and the ability to repay or refinance. Lenders must develop a general vision and strategy. They must also evaluate each borrower to determine if the project meets their risk tolerance.
There is no doubt that demand is there and shows no signs of diminishing anytime soon, although that doesn't mean that everyone involved in a construction loan transaction knows everything they should about the loans in question. Unlike traditional loans backed by real estate, construction and renovation loans carry inherent risks that require constant oversight to ensure the success and profitability of each project. Another risk factor during boom cycles are inexperienced builders and contractors who jump into the game to take advantage of the high demand for construction services. By automating many of the data-related challenges and risks often associated with construction finance, modern technology reduces the chance of human error and provides lenders with a means to automate and standardize loan management processes and procedures.
This represents a risk to the lender in the event that a contractor does not accurately indicate the amount of work performed. Despite the earning potential of this highly profitable category of loans, some would argue that it is in the lender's best interest to avoid construction funding altogether. . Loans to construction contractors pose unique risks for lenders, but they are no reason to avoid the industry.
Financial institutions rely heavily on data for strategic planning, risk mitigation, decision-making and daily operations, making manual and duplicated processes a huge threat to financial security. Other lenders demand the transfer of bonds so that, in the event of foreclosure, they do not have to obtain new bonds to continue construction. Beyond the human factor, which can skip a step within an important process, risk is usually due to the isolated systems and tools that lenders use to manage the life cycle of a loan, each of which is treated separately and is disconnected from the rest. For this reason, many lenders who offer project-based financing, such as ours, will also conduct a similar, but less thorough, credit risk assessment of the general contractor.
The first risk in this case is that anyone who does not have a complete history of where the procedures began and are located today does not understand why certain processes have been put in place and, therefore, will miss a fundamental piece of the puzzle. Lenders must ensure that they carefully document the exact operation of the building reserve, including, but not limited to, the uses of the construction reserve, the administration of the building reserve and the conditions prior to disbursements. Construction risk management firms, such as CFSI, are becoming increasingly popular as the fervor for construction loans continues. Managing construction loans is stressful and requires lots of paperwork, manual spreadsheets, numerous phone calls, emails, faxes, and in-person meetings with borrowers, builders and inspectors.